Treatment options for ACL injuries

The ACL is one of four major ligaments in the knee and connects the femur to the tibia. An ACL injury can occur for a number of reasons. One of the most common events to cause an ACL injury is during sports activity but it can also happen from a fall. It can occur from landing awkwardly on your feet causing the knee to twist resulting in damage to the ligament or even during a tackle in a sports game.

When it comes to treating an ACL injury there are several approaches that can be taken depending on the severity of it. The most important goals for recovering from an ACL injury are to restore stability and function in the knee, prevent further damage to the knee and reduce pain.  Here, we discuss the options available for successfully treating and recovering from this type of injury.

Options for treating an ACL injury:

  • Treatment straight after injury
  • Physiotherapy
  • Surgery
  • Knee bracing

Treatment Straight After Injury

Immediately after the injury has occurred it is vital to try and reduce swelling. This can be achieved by applying ice to the area, elevating the leg and applying an elastic bandage. Until you are assessed by a medical professional or if you are awaiting further treatment, be sure to rest the leg as much as possible.


Treatment options depend on the severity of the tear and the stability of the knee as well as other factors including age, additional injuries to other parts of the knee and any previous damage to the affected area. In some cases, physiotherapy is required for rehabilitation. This non-surgical treatment method uses specific exercises and stretches to strengthen the ACL and the rest of the knee which in time, should lead to recovery. A knee brace may also be worn to offer additional support.


ACL reconstruction surgery typically takes place when the ligament has totally ruptured. Depending on the case, the surgery may involve repairing the ligament or if the damage is too severe a graft will be taken from the hamstring or groin area to create a new ligament. Unfortunately, the recovery period can take up to a year and rehabilitation involves a lot of rest, knee bracing and physiotherapy. This injury can take a long time to recover from and in some cases, can prevent you from doing activities in the future such as certain exercise or taking part in speck sports.

Knee Bracing recommends wearing a knee brace can benefit those who have endured an ACL injury before and after treatment. The brace protects the knee and keeps it stable. The length of time one wears the brace depends on how severe the injury is. The brace will provide support to the knee throughout the healing process allowing movement to strengthen the area without causing too much strain on it. The brace will also lower the risk of any further injury to the ACL.

After an ACL injury, it is vital that you seek medical assistance so that you are able to undertake the correct treatment options, specific to your type of injury. Doing this will increase your chances of a full recovery and reduce the likeliness of experiencing injuries in the future.


Adam Dorrans specialises in the research and studies of health and fitness. Often contributing to academic papers and medical articles, Adam focuses on sports-related injury recovery and fitness journeys. 

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Spotting the Common Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

Symptoms of Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is a growing concern amongst oncologists both in the UK and around the developed world. However, the great news is that while cancer condition numbers may be on the rise, technology and treatments are making positive strides towards more effective treatment and care for bladder cancer patients.

Apart from any treatment or potential future cure, prevention and early diagnosis are the best predictors of successful treatment and eventual recovery. By ensuring that people know the common symptoms of bladder cancer and how to spot them, we can all take steps towards making appointments with our GP’s as soon as we notice symptoms and receive treatment in bladder cancer’s early stages.

Before we can delve into the signs of bladder cancer to look out for, we need to explore what bladder cancer actually is and how it manifests itself.

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Healthy Italian cooking

When you think Italian cuisine you may think cheese-heavy dishes, drooling pizzas and mascarpone by the bowl-full. While these are true, remember that Italian cuisine is also a wonderful mixture of colourful ingredients, sun-ripened vegetables, the tastiest cheese and melt-in-your-mouth pasta. It’s a cuisine of patience, care, and warmth, and it would be such a shame to miss out on it when your are watching your weight and health.

When picked right, Italian dishes make perfectly healthy meals. Obviously, forget the fast-food pizza and plates with more oil and cheese than actual pasta. You all know the taste assets of Italian cuisine… discover the health assets.

Italian cooking: starch

Between risotto, pizza dough, bruschetta and numerous pasta dishes, Italians consume complex carbs at every meal. Thanks to the progressive energy diffusion they permit, starches prevent that afternoon tiredness, and cravings that push us to eat rich snacks between meals.

Try: Mini red onion and orange zest pizzas.

Get some ready-made dough from your local Italian deli, but make sure it only contains flour, water, salt, and yeast (and perhaps a bit of sugar). Cut 2 red onions very finely, and some fresh cheese into little cubes (you can also do this without the cheese). Spread little balls of dough with a rolling pin and your fingers, to obtain 25cm circles.

Fold the edges over to form a 1cm rind. Transfer onto a lightly floured oven sheet. Garnish the dough circles with the onions, cheese cubes and some nuts. Grate half an orange’s zests over, and sprinkle with sea salt flakes. Cook in the oven for 8 minutes or until golden. Remove and grate the other half of the orange, then sprinkle with pepper to serve.

Italian cooking: garlic and onion

Largely used in mediterranean countries, garlic and onion contribute to good heart and artery health. Onions bring quercetine among others, a well-absorbed antioxydant, and sulfur compounds which, as those present in garlic, help with blood fluidity.

Try: Napolitano style courgettes. This gluten free recipe can be made with added minced meet or ham, and more or less cheese according to tastes and diets. It’s very easy and quick to make, using some Dolmio Bolognese sauce which contains 87% tomatoes and all natural flavourings, including garlic an open-field grown onions.

You will need, for 6 people:

  • 8 courgettes;
  • 1 egg
  • 75g of mozzarella
  • 3 big spoonfulls of Dolmio Bolognese sauce
  • 30g of grated parmesan
  • Olive oil, salt & pepper

What is in Dolmio?

Cut the washed courgettes in thin slices. Beat the egg with the courgettes so as to cover all the slices. Heat a bit of olive oil in a pan and fry the courgette slices.

Cut the mozzarella into small pieces. If adding meat, fry it a bit in a pan and mix with the mozzarella. In an oiled oven dish, put a layer of courgettes and cover with mozzarella. Cover with half of the Dolmio sauce, add another layer of courgettes, then finish with the rest of the Dolmio. Sprinkle grated parmeson on top and grill in the oven for 15 minutes. Buon appetito!

Italian cooking: olive oil

Ideal for cooking as it withstands high temperatures without burning, olive oil is also often used for marinades and flavouring. Choose “first cold-press extra-virgin”, to preserve the quality of essential fatty acids, vitamin E and polyphenols, which protect the cardio-vascular system.

Italian cooking: fresh herbs

Their properties: facilitating digestion and helping the liver function. The star: rosemary. Serve with lamb, chicken, or oven baked potatoes. Serve sage with fish or veal, thyme with grilled vegetables, soups or meats, and basil with salads and particularily tomatoes.

Try: home-made courgette pesto.

Cut 4 small courgettes into pieces, and boil for 5 minutes. Drain and blend.

Grosely cut 2 garlic cloves. Grill 5 hazelnuts in a dry pan, then reserve on the side. In a kitchen robot, chop 15 more hazelnuts, blend in 10 basil leaves, the garlic and 4 big spoons of olive oil, until the mixture is smooth. Add a big spoonful of parmesan, then incorporate the courgettes and grilled nuts.

Serve this sunny pesto with wholemeal bread, as a dip or as a sauce.

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Checking for Breast Cancer

As with any illness, an early discovery will give you much better odds of dealing with it. Breast Cancer checks can be crucial in early detection which is why we put together a quick guide for what you should look out for.

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